Situated in the extreme east of the old Kingdom of Valencia, Castellón is today one of the 52 provinces of Spain and is located in the Autonomous Community of Valencia. The capital city is Castellón de la Plana.
In both the Autonomous Community of Valencia and in Castellón Province there are two official languages: Castellano and Valenciano.
Castellón is located to the east of the Iberian Peninsula and is bounded to the east by the Mediterranean Sea, to the north by the Province of Tarragona, to the west by Teruel Province and to the south by the Province of Valencia.
Even though it is more centrally located than the provinces of Catalonia, Castellón is the second most mountainous province of Spain and its coastline, because of its beauty and the fame of its orange orchards, is known as the Orange Blossom Coast.
The coastline of Castellón has an extension of 120 kilometres and boasts fine, sandy, warm beaches which are all bathed by the quiet waters of the Mediterranean Sea.
The effect of tranquillity and good living is enhanced by the over 300 days of sunshine and a year-round mild climate of around 18ºC, a feature that allows both its residents and visitors to enjoy an unprecedented quality of life even during the winter months.
Amongst the villages of its beautiful coastline, some of most appealing include Vinarós, Benicarló, Peñíscola, Alcosebre, Torreblanca and Oropesa del Mar and, because of the attention to detail and emphasis that has been placed on environmental care, all the beaches around the beautiful town of Benicassim have been awarded the coveted European Blue Flag for cleanliness.
Along the coast, there are several, er.. let us say, accidents of nature. The peninsula of Peñíscola, the cape of Oropesa and the entrance to Almenara are all worth visiting for their beautiful aspect and curious morphology.
The Islas Columbretes, a deserted archipelago, situated about 56 kilometres from the coastline, also belongs to Castellón Province.
After the capital city, Castellón de la Plana, the most populated municipalities (more than 15,000 inhabitants according to the census INE 2005) include: Villarreal, Burriana, Vall de Uxó, Vinaroz, Benicarló, Onda, Almazora y Benicasim.
The interior of Castellón is mostly mountainous with the highest peaks being located at el Peñagolosa (1.814 m), la Peña Salada (1.581 m), el Pina (1.405 m), el Encanadé (1.393 m) and la Muela de Ares (1.318 m).
Because of the mountainous nature, the interior is almost uninhabited with most of the population living in coastal areas.
Apart from tourism, this province has traditionally been famous for its fishing and shellfish industries. The benign water of the Mediterranean yield a rich catch that provides the basis for some of the most glorious gastronomy in the whole of the Iberian Peninsula.
The other principal industry is tourism, something that is currently yielding dividend as the natural beauty of the coast and isolated interior provide a still relatively underdeveloped destination for those seeking something different.
The province provides not only superb hotels and restaurants but also camp sites, golf courses and coastal ports offering a wide range of sporting facilities.
More information: http://www.castellon-costaazahar.com/en/default.htm