Lugo Capital City
Legend has it that one Paulo Fabio Máximo, a designated representative of Cesar Augustus, founded the city of Lugo between the years 26 and 12 B.C.
The city was originally called Lucus Augusti. However, it’s not all plain sailing for our friend Paulo as it seems, that another hypothesis holds that the name of the city refers to the Celtic God Lugh.
The founding of the city does, however, appear to have some solid foundations as its founding was linked to a proactive policy of expansion on the part of Cesar Augustus to bring the ‘Pax Romano’ to a troubled land and the city was founded on the site of a military encampment, a fact that makes Lugo the oldest capital city in Galicia.
The city possesses the earliest example of a roman walls that still surrounding the central part of the town including the cathedral, the provincial museum and the town hall. Built at the end of the III century the wall was declared part of the Patrimony of Humanity by UNESCO in 2000. It is a unique example of Roman engineer anywhere in the world.
Before the discovery of the tomb of St. James in Santiago de Compostela, Lugo was an ecclesiastic centre par excellence. After the establishment of Oviedo, the city commenced a long period of decline.
It wasn’t until 1833, when Spain was divided into provinces, that Lugo was converted into what is now the most important city in the province known as Lugo.
Routes and Places worth a Visit
Without doubt, one of the obligatory visits in Lugo is the roman walls. It’s not often (in fact impossible unless you go to Lugo) to see a roman wall that dates from the III century and in such great condition. The wall has several gateways that have their own interest.
The Roman baths and bridge, that provide excellent displays of life under roman occupation, are also worth visiting
In Lugo between the 4th and 12th October, San Froilán, a hugely popular fiesta that is the stage for many traditional customs. Classic amongst these is a series of events such as verbenas (read knees up), theatrical performances, spectacular puppet shows and sporting competitions.
The fiestas of the A Milagrosa area of the city are celebrated during the first weekend of September.
The Romeria del Carmen is held on the 16th July and San Roque on the 15th August.
A more recent, but undoubtedly great fun, fiesta is the Arde Lucus where locals dress up in Roman clothes and act out what life may have been like during roman times. Held in June, the festival is celebrated with chariot races, slave trading and other activities that marked daily roman life in ancient Lugo.
www.lugonet.com - Official website in Spanish of the province of Lugo in Galicia. Under the 'Ocio y Tourismo' section there is a list of hotels and restaurants and other information.