The Basque word for the forest in which the Battle of Roncevalles took place was Errozabal. The Franks transmuted this into Roncesvaux, meaning Valley of Thorns, and this eventually became Roncesavalles in Spanish.

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Surrounded by mountains, the plain of the basin of Pamplona has always favoured human settlement. As early as 75,000 years ago evidence of human habitation is frequent.

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This place has to be seen to be understood or even believed. An autonomous region steeped in history, packed with architectural and archaeological wonders and has a streak of sheer madness that breaks surface, exposing the real and uninhibited Navarrese character

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